Etymology. The country’s name Sudan is a name given to a geographical region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western Africa to eastern Central Africa.The name derives from the Arabic bild as sdn , or “the lands of the Blacks”.. Sudan Sudan, country located in northeastern Africa. The name Sudan derives from the Arabic expression bild al sdn “land of the blacks” , by which me.val Arab geographers referred to the settled African countries that began at the southern edge of the Sahara.. Sudan’s Protesters Call Off Strike and Agree to Resume Talks With Military . Eight days after the military killed dozens of protesters in a brutal crackdown, protest leaders said they were ready . The Trump administration is sending its top diplomat for Africa to Sudan amid mounting global concern over the bloody crackdown on pro democracy activists by the country’s ruling military council .